down. Avoid strenuous activity. If you must do strenuous activity, do
it during the coolest part of the day, which is usually in the morning
between 4 - 7 a.m.
Stay indoors as much as possible. If air
conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor, out of the
sunshine. Remember, electric fans do not cool the air, but they do help
sweat evaporate, which cools your body.
Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. Light colors will reflect away some of the sun's energy.
Drink plenty of water regularly and often. Your body needs water to keep cool.
is the safest liquid to drink during heat emergencies. Avoid drinks
with alcohol or caffeine in them. They can make you feel good briefly,
but make the heat's effects on your body worse. This is especially true
about beer, which actually dehydrates the body.
Eat small meals and eat more often. Avoid foods that are high in protein, which increase metabolic heat.
Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
Signs of a Heat Emergency Heat Exhaustion
Signs of heat exhaustion include:
Body temperature will be near normal
Cool, moist, pale or flushed skin
Nausea or vomiting
Body temperature can be very high - sometimes as high as 105 degrees Fahrenheit
Changes in consciousness
Hot, red skin
If the person was sweating from heavy work or exercise, skin may be wet otherwise, it will feel dry